Microsoft Windows 2000 Operating System Software

Microsoft Windows 2000 is an operating system that was first released in January of 2000. Although part of the Windows series, this operating system is designed to run on networks rather than home computers. It is an update to Windows NT 4.0 and the last operating system to use the NT designation.

What distinguishes Windows 2000 from home operating systems?

Windows 2000 is designed to run on servers and client-based computers (a client is a computer that operates through a centralized network; most of the software is stored on a separate computer system). As a result, most of the features are specifically tailored to help the user run a network-based system. The operating system was supported until the release of Service Pack 4 on September 13th, 2005.

What are the main features of Windows 2000?

Windows 2000 features an extensive list of built-in software and system utilities known as hotfixes. It comes with Outlook Express, NetMeeting, Internet Connection Sharing, and Internet Explorer 5 or 6 already installed. The operating system introduces client-side DNS caching, Routing and Remote Access Service, and other network features. Plug and play capabilities are supported, so the system will automatically detect new hardware and load the correct drivers. In addition, you will have access to the following applications:

  • NTFS 3.0 is a file allocation system that allows you to organize files. It comes with disk use quotas, sparse file support, distribution link tracing, and many other features.
  • Local Disk Manager allocates disk space in a more flexible and dynamic manner.
  • Encryption File System provides additional file system encryption to prevent unwanted data access for those who have physical access to the computer.
  • Active Directory is a directory service that allows you to organize network domains through a server. You can manage user accounts and scale up programs as you see fit.
  • The Distributed File System allows users to organize SMB file shares into a single folder or DFS root.
How many different editions of the operating system are available?

There are four different versions of the operating system, each one targeted at a slightly different segment of the business market.

  • The Professional edition is designed to accommodate the security and stability needs of professional business users. As a result, it is geared more toward work computers than servers. It supports up to two processors and 4GB of RAM.
  • The Server edition is designed specifically to run on servers. It supports four processors and 4GB of RAM.
  • The Advanced Server edition enables medium and large businesses to scale up resources and services on large servers. It supports up to eight processors and 8GB of RAM with TCP/IP load balancing and two-node server clustering.
  • The Datacenter Server edition is designed for large data centers and central servers with up to 32 processors and 32GB of RAM. It also features server clustering and load balancing, as well as failover.